From Dwight Eisenhower, who separated US diplomatic relations with Cuba, to Barack Obama, who decided to normalize them, 11 US presidents faced off with Cuban revolutionary captain Fidel Castro, who died late Friday.
Dwight Eisenhower( Republican, 1953 -1 961 ): rendered forearms to dictator Fulgencio Batista, who was battling Castro’s rebels. Educated the attack of the Bay of Pigs and separated off diplomatic ties with Cuba in January 1961.
John F. Kennedy( Democrat, 1961 -1 963 ): Gave the green light for the attack of the Bay of Pigs in April 1961. Put in place the US embargo against Cuba in February 1962 before the Cuban missile crisis started that October. Was working to promote a reconciliation when he was assassinated in November 1963.
Lyndon Johnson( Democrat, 1963 -1 969 ): Reinforced the embargo and tried to prevent the sale of Cuban nickel to Soviet bloc countries. Approved CIA patches to assassinate Castro and supported anti-Castro guerrilla groups.
Richard Nixon( Republican, 1969 -1 974 ): Boosted anti-Castro activity, including the arrests of Cuban fishermen. Too toiled against sales of Cuban nickel to Soviet satellite states.
Gerald Ford( Republican, 1974 -1 977 ): In office as strikes against Cuban operations abroad proliferated and an attack on a Cuban airliner left 73 dead. Authorized the first trip-up of US tycoons to Cuba and eased the embargo.
Jimmy Carter( Democrat, 1977 -1 981 ): Further eased the prohibition. Opened a US pastimes part in Havana and allowed a Cuban interests section to open in Washington. Allowed Cuban exiles to travel home. Signed maritime boundary treaty. In office during Mariel boatlift of Cuban emigrants to United States. Inspected Cuba as an ex-president in 2002 and again in 2011.
Ronald Reagan( Republican, 1981 -1 989 ): Relations take a turn for the worse, and easing of prohibition wheeled back. Creation of the Cuban-American National Foundation, the prime expatriate establishment, and the anti-Castro stations Radio and TV Marti. First immigration deal signed in 1984.
George H. W. Bush( Republican, 1989 -1 993 ): Reinforced embargo with the Torricelli Act, as the Soviet bloc crumbled. US affiliates in third world countries prohibited from dealing with Cuba.
Bill Clinton( Democrat, 1993 -2 001 ): Put of coming into force Torricelli Act and approved Helms-Burton Act, which again stiffened prohibition. In 1994, 36,000 Cubans absconded for the US in makeshift boats and rafts. A new in-migration agreement was signed and Clinton backed anti-Castro activists.
George W. Bush( Republican, 2001 -2 009 ): Increased financial aid to anti-Castro groups and strengthened embargo again. Limited travel to Cuba by exiles, and the money we are able to remit to relatives at home. Approved food trade with restrictions. Raul Castro officially took helm during his tenure.
Barack Obama( Democrat, 2009 -present ): Lifted restrictions on excursions by exiles and amount of money we are able to cast home. Opened a “dialogue ” on immigrants and added lifting of prohibition is necessary immediately preceding democratic opening and respect for human rights.
In December 2014, Obama and Raul Castro announced simultaneously that the nations would normalize relations. The two countries Cuba reopened embassies in each other’s capitals in July 2015.
Obama made a historic call to Cuba in March 2016, the first by a dish US president since 1928.